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Rumination Focused Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (RFCBT)

Repetititve thinking is a critical transdiagnostic mechanism. We can conceptualise repetitive thinking about the future as ‘worry’, and repetitive thinking about the past as ‘rumination’. Such repetitive thinking can be a maintainance factor in anxiety and depression.

  • The how and why of rumination and worry – presentation by Professor Ed Watkins  exeter.ac.uk archive.org
  • Targeting rumination by changing processing style: Experiential and Imagery exercises – presentation by Professor Ed Watkins  babcpconference.com archive.org
  • Watkins, E. R. (2009). Depressive Rumination and Co-Morbidity: Evidence for Brooding as a Transdiagnostic Process. Journal of Rational-Emotive Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 27, 160-175 nih.gov
  • Watkins, E. (2015). Psychological treatment of depressive rumination. Current Opinion in Psychology4, 32-36. exeter.ac.uk  archive.org
  • Watkins, E. R. (2016). Rumination-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression. Guilford Publications.

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