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CBT Case Conceptualization / Case Formulation

Case formulation is the core component of CBT. It can help therapists and clients to understand the origin, current status, and maintenance of problem. Formulations can range from cross-sectional (here and now) to longitudinal (understanding origins), and from models for specific disorders to idiosyncratic for a particular client’s situation.

“[Formulation is] The lynch pin that holds theory and practice together” (Butler, 1998)

  • Collaborative Case Conceptualization Manual and Rating Scale (CCCRS)
  • CCCRS Score Sheet and Feedback Form



  • Geisser, S., & Rizvi, S. L. (2014). The Case of” Sonia” Through the Lens of Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy10(1), 30-39.
  • Haynes, S. N., Leisen, M. B., Blaine, D. D. (1997). Design of individualized behavioral treatment programs using functional analytic clinical case models. Psychological Assessment, 9(4), 334-348
  • Kuyken, W., Padesky, C. A., Dudley, R. (2008). The science and practice of case conceptualization. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 36, 757-768
  • Persons, J. B., & Lisa, S. T. (2015). Developing and Using a Case Formulation to Guide Cognitive-Behavior Therapy. Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy, 5(2), 1
  • Special issue: Team formulation. (2015). Clinical Psychology Forum, 275.

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