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TRAP & TRAC worksheets can be usefully used as part of a behavioral activation programme as a way of overcoming responses which result in avoidance of potentially valued activity.


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Everything you could need: a PDF of the resource, therapist instructions, and description with theoretical context and references. Where appropriate, case examples and annotations are also included.

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A fillable version of the resource. This can be edited and saved in Adobe Acrobat, or other PDF editing software.

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An editable Microsoft PowerPoint version of the resource.

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The TRAP TRAC worksheet can be used as part of a behavioral activation program. It is used to identify Avoidance Patterns and Alternative Coping strategies. This worksheet was developed with Jason Roscoe.


The TRAP worksheet should be used first to formulate the antecedents and consequences of a client’s specific avoidance pattern (avoidance behavior). It can be helpful to frame the avoidance patterns as active attempts at problem-solving. Intended and unintended consequences of the avoidance pattern can be explored. If there is acknowledgement that the avoidance pattern comes with some costs, then alternative coping strategies can be generated and their likely consequences analysed. These alternative coping strategies can then be tested behaviorally.


Jacobson, N. S., Martell, C. R., & Dimidjian, S. (2001). Behavioral activation treatment for depression: Returning to contextual roots. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8(3), 255-270.