Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT)
Assumptions of SFBT
- Clients are competent at conceptualizing a future that is more satisfying and understanding upon which of their strengths and resources they can draw to achieve change.
- The client is the expert of their problems.
- You cannot change clients, they can only change themselves.
- Exploring and affirming the client’s perceptions in the terms that the client describes them is a helpful way of bringing about change.
- It is the therapist’s job to learn the language of the client.
- Change is constant and inevitable.
- One cannot change the past and so one should concentrate on the future.
Procedures and Techniques of SFBT
- listening for and highlighting client strengths, successes, achievements, and resources (looking for what is right and how to use it);
- co-construction of goals framed in concrete and positive terms (i.e., what the clients wants to be present, rather than a description of the absence of problems);
- the miracle question as a future-focused way of envisioning a more satisfying life;
- exception-finding questions that listen for and attend to client’s successes through exceptions to the problem;
- scaling questions that help to move clients away from entrenched ‘on’ or ‘off’ thinking;
- coping questions that can help to engender a sense of hopefulness and control.
De Shazer, S., Berg, I. K., Lipchik, E., Nunnally, E., Molnar, A., Gingerich, W., & Weiner‐Davis, M. (1986). Brief therapy: Focused solution development. Family Process, 25(2), 207–221.
Ratner, H., George, E., & Iveson, C. (2012). Solution focused brief therapy: 100 key points and techniques. New York: Routledge.
- Solution focused treatment manual for working with individuals download archived copy
- The miracle question (Steve de Shazer) download archived copy
- Solution focused practice: a toolkit for working with children and young people download archived copy
- Initial session solution focused questions download archived copy
- SFBT handout download archived copy
- The miracle question and follow up questions
- Solution focused communication handbook download archived copy
- Do one thing different handout download archived copy
- Solution focused interviewing skills
- Solution-focused interventions for prolonged grief download archived copy