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Transactional Analysis (TA)

Transactional analysis (TA) is a therapeutic approach developed by Eric Berne in the 1950s. It has its roots in psychoanalysis, but maintains a focus on social transactions to determine ‘ego states’ in order to better understand behavior (Berne, 1958, 1964). The International Transactional Analysis Association defines TA as a “theory of personality and a systematic psychotherapy for personal growth and personal change.” Read more
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Therapy tool



Intervention is brilliant and has a wealth of handouts about Transactional Analysis. Some of our favourite examples are given here:

Recommended Reading


  • Berne, E. (1958). Transactional analysis: A new and effective method of group therapy. American Journal of Psychotherapy,12(4), 735–743.
  • Berne, E. (1964). Games people play: The psychology of human relationships. New York: Grove Press.