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Fact Or Opinion

One cognitive error which commonly results in distress is to act on our opinions as though they were facts. This CBT exercise helps clients to practice identifying the difference between facts and opinions.

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Professional version

A PDF of the resource, theoretical background, suggested therapist questions and prompts.

Client version

A PDF of the resource plus client-friendly instructions where appropriate.

Fillable version (PDF)

A fillable version of the resource. This can be edited and saved in Adobe Acrobat, or other PDF editing software.

Editable version (PPT)

An editable Microsoft PowerPoint version of the resource.

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Languages this resource is available in

  • Catalan
  • Chinese (Simplified)
  • English (GB)
  • English (US)
  • French
  • Greek
  • Italian
  • Polish
  • Portuguese (European)
  • Spanish (International)
  • Vietnamese
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Introduction & Theoretical Background

Much of the time we respond to our thought processes as if they reflect facts about the world, whereas they more often represent opinions or assumptions. Being able to tell the difference between facts and opinions is a critical skill in cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Balanced thinking comes from the process of challenging our thinking - analyzing what it is that we think we know and why it is that we know it. Fact Or Opinion is a quick worksheet which helps clients differentiate between facts and opinions - a useful starting-point in challenging their own thinking.

Therapist Guidance

This is a Psychology Tools information handout. Suggested uses include:
  • Client handout - use as a psychoeducation resource
  • Discussion point - use to provoke a discussion and explore client beliefs
  • Therapist learning tool - improve your familiarity with a psychological construct
  • Teaching resource - use as a learning tool during training