Skip to main content

Nightmare Exposure And Rescripting

Imagery rescripting is an effective treatment for intrusive and unwanted memories. Nightmare Exposure And Rescripting employs similar techniques and can be emplyed as a stand-alone treatment for recurrent nightmares.


Languages available

  • Arabic
  • Dutch
  • English (GB)
  • English (US)
  • French
  • German
  • Greek
  • Italian
  • Norwegian
  • Spanish (International)
  • Vietnamese

Download or send

Full resource pack (PDF)

Everything you could need: a PDF of the resource, therapist instructions, and description with theoretical context and references. Where appropriate, case examples and annotations are also included.

Exercise only (PDF)

A copy of the exercise in PDF format.

Fillable version (PDF)

A fillable version of the resource. This can be edited and saved in Adobe Acrobat, or other PDF editing software.

Editable version (PPT)

An editable Microsoft PowerPoint version of the resource.

Translation Template

Are you a qualified therapist who would like to help with our translation project?


Exposure to- and rescripting of- nightmares is a helpful technique for taking control of bad dreams. There is evidence that imagery rescripting for nightmares can be used as a stand-alone intervention. Nightmare Exposure And Rescripting contains instructions and worksheets for conducting this technique.


As with traditional imagery rescripting the client is guided through a helpful sequence of questions:
  • Eliciting the nightmare/image
  • Eliciting the current emotion
  • Considering the desired emotion
  • Then developing a new image to accompany the desired emotion


  • Davis, J. L., & Wright, D. C. (2006). Exposure, relaxation, and rescripting treatment for trauma-related nightmares. Journal of trauma & dissociation, 7(1), 5-18.
  • Krakow, B., Kellner, R., Pathak, D., & Lambert, L. (1995). Imagery rehearsal treatment for chronic nightmares. Behaviour research and therapy, 33(7), 837-843.
  • Long, M. E., Davis, J. L., Springer, J. R., Elhai, J. D., Rhudy, J. L., Teng, E. J., & Frueh, B. C. (2011). The role of cognitions in imagery rescripting for posttraumatic nightmares. Journal of clinical psychology, 67(10), 1008-1016.
  • Long, M. E., Hammons, M. E., Davis, J. L., Frueh, B. C., Khan, M. M., Elhai, J. D., & Teng, E. J. (2011). Imagery rescripting and exposure group treatment of posttraumatic nightmares in Veterans with PTSD. Journal of anxiety disorders, 25(4), 531-535.
  • Swanson, L. M., Favorite, T. K., Horin, E., & Arnedt, J. T. (2009). A combined group treatment for nightmares and insomnia in combat veterans: a pilot study. Journal of traumatic stress, 22(6), 639-642.