Skip to main content

What Causes Tinnitus?

Tinnitus is thought to be maintained by changes in perception, cognition, and behavior. This information handout is a simple introduction to the psychological approach to tinnuitus.

Information Handout

Languages available

  • Czech
  • English (GB)
  • English (US)
  • French
  • Italian
  • Spanish

Download or send

Full resource pack (PDF)

Everything you could need: a PDF of the resource, therapist instructions, and description with theoretical context and references. Where appropriate, case examples and annotations are also included.

Download

Information handout only (PDF)

A copy of the information handout in PDF format.

Download

Editable version (PPT)

An editable Microsoft PowerPoint version of the resource.

Download

Translation Template

Are you a qualified therapist who would like to help with our translation project?

Download

Description

Tinnitus is thought to be associated with changes in the way in which the brain processes information. Normally a filter operates to ‘tune out’ unnecessary noises – including physiological noises – allowing for habituation to certain noises. In tinnitus this mechanism seems to fail – leading to awareness of physioloigcal noises. Awareness and particular attributions can lead to emotional reactions, which can exacerbate perception of the noise. What Causes Tinnitus? is a description of this process. This information sheet forms part of a cognitive-behavioral understanding of tinnitus.

References

  • McKenna, L., Handscombe, L., Hoare, D. J., Hall, D. A. (2014). A scientific cognitive-behavioural model of tinnitus: novel conceptualizations of tinnitus distress. Frontiers in Neurology, 5, 1-15.