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Intrusive Thoughts Images And Impulses

Intrusive Thoughts, Images, And Impulses that are experienced as distressing are a feature of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). They are also a commonly experienced in the general population, typically without distress. This information handout describes common intrusive cognitions.

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Languages this resource is available in

  • English (GB)
  • English (US)

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Introduction & Theoretical Background

Intrusive thoughts, images and impulses suddenly appear in consciousness and are often experienced as distressing. They are common in non-clinical populations but, when appraised as having the potential to cause harm or as being the personal responsibility of the individual, may escalate into an obsession. Intrusive thoughts, images and impulses is a psychoeducation worksheet which details the results of a study investigating the frequency of such experiences in a student population (Purdon & Clark, 1993). Clients with OCD may find it reassuring to know the frequency with which 'normal' populations experience intrusive thoughts, which may go some way to undermining unhelpful appraisals.

Therapist Guidance

This worksheet has been designed to help clients engage with their beliefs about how common intrusive thoughts, images, and impulses are. Clients can be encouraged to guess the frequency at which 'normal' groups endorse each item before discovering the 'real' answers on the second page. These facts can be used to inform therapeutic discussions about clients' self-beliefs.

References And Further Reading

  • Berry, L. M., & Laskey, B. (2012). A review of obsessive intrusive thoughts in the general population. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 1(2), 125-132.
  • Purdon, C., & Clark, D. A. (1993). Obsessive intrusive thoughts in nonclinical subjects. Part I. Content and relation with depressive, anxious and obsessional symptoms. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31(8), 713-720.
  • Purdon, C., & Clark, D. A. (1994). Obsessive intrusive thoughts in nonclinical subjects. Part II. Cognitive appraisal, emotional response and thought control strategies. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 32(4), 403-410.
  • Purdon, C., & Clark, D. A. (1999). Metacognition and obsessions. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 6(2), 102-110.