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Metaphor

Metaphor is defined as a device of speech in which comparison is drawn between two unlike entities. When drawn into a coherent story, metaphor can be used to deliver implicit messages in accessible ways, and throughout history metaphors have been used to impart cultural wisdom, life lessons, political messages, and moral values. In understanding the structure and function of metaphor the work of Lakoff and Johnson (1980a, 1980b, 1980c) is influential. They argue that concepts are tied to metaphors and that they mold our thinking. Complex abstract concepts such as ‘life’ can be tied to more concrete representations in a metaphor like ‘life is a journey’—Lakoff and Johnson propose that we understand complex concepts through the use of metaphor. Read more
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Therapy tool

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Progress In Therapy

The Progress In Therapy information handout graphically illustrates metaphors for trajectories of progress in therapy. ... https://www.psychologytools.com/resource/progress-in-therapy/

Information Handout

PTSD Film Projection Metaphor

Treatment for trauma often involves exposure to traumatic thoughts and memories, and many clients are understandably reluctant to attempt this. The PT ... https://www.psychologytools.com/resource/ptsd-film-projection-metaphor/

Information Handout

PTSD Linen Cupboard Metaphor

Treatment for trauma often involves exposure to traumatic thoughts and memories, and many clients are understandably reluctant to attempt this. The PT ... https://www.psychologytools.com/resource/ptsd-linen-cupboard-metaphor/

Information Handout

Schema Metaphors

Core beliefs (schemas) are self-sustaining. They act to ‘attract’ confirmatory evidence and ‘repel’ or ‘distort’ d ... https://www.psychologytools.com/resource/schema-metaphors/

Information Handout

TEAR Model of Grief

Worden formulated the process of grief as consisting of tasks, including accepting the reality of the loss and experiencing its pain. This client info ... https://www.psychologytools.com/resource/tear-model-of-grief/

Information Handout

Thoughts And Depression

Depression is associated with cognitive biases, one of which is a failure to notice positive information. This information handout presents this conce ... https://www.psychologytools.com/resource/thoughts-and-depression/

Information Handout

Unforgiveness Hook Metaphor

Forgiveness is an often misunderstood concept in therapy. This Unforgiveness Hook Metaphor is a striking representation of the consequences of remaini ... https://www.psychologytools.com/resource/unforgiveness-hook-metaphor/

Information Handout

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