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Schema Formulation

Beck’s cognitive model proposes that cognition and perception in the here-and-now is influenced by our ‘schemas’ which shape our perception and information processing. This CBT worksheet explains the formation and role of schemas, and how they affect here-and-now perception. It is a case conceptualization (formulation) diagram which can help clients and therapists come to a shared understanding of a problem.

Worksheet

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Full resource pack (PDF)

Everything you could need: a PDF of the resource, therapist instructions, and description with theoretical context and references. Where appropriate, case examples and annotations are also included.

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Worksheet only (PDF)

A copy of the worksheet in PDF format.

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Fillable version (PDF)

A fillable version of the resource. This can be edited and saved in Adobe Acrobat, or other PDF editing software.

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Editable version (PPT)

An editable Microsoft PowerPoint version of the resource.

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Translation Template

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Description

Cognitive therapy addresses three levels of cognition: automatic thoughts, conditional assumptions, and core beliefs (schemas). Our schemas develop as a result of early or critical experiences, and they act to shape the way we perceive ourselves and the world around us. The Schema Formulation worksheet is a cross-sectional case-conceptualization diagram with acknowledgement of schemas which are influencing thoughts & feelings in the present moment. The worksheet is accompanied by a one-page explanation of schemas.

References

  • Beck, A.T., Rush, A.J., Shaw, B.F., & Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford
  • Eells, T. D. (Ed.). (2011). Handbook of psychotherapy case formulation. Guilford Press.
  • Johnstone, L., & Dallos, R. (2013). Formulation in psychology and psychotherapy: Making sense of people’s problems. Routledge.
  • Kuyken, W., Padesky, C. A., & Dudley, R. (2008). Collaborative case conceptualization: Working effectively with clients in cognitive-behavioral therapy. Guilford Press.
  • Persons, J. B. (2012). The case formulation approach to cognitive-behavior therapy. Guilford Press.
  • Tarrier, N., & Johnson, J. (Eds.). (2015). Case formulation in cognitive behaviour therapy: The treatment of challenging and complex cases. Routledge.