Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
Links to external resources
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Reasons for Living Scale
| Linehan | 1996
- Scale (Long Form)
- Scale (Short Form)
Borderline Symptom List 23 (BSL-23)
| Bohus, Kleindienst, Limberger, Stieglitz, Domsalla, Chapman, Steil, Philipsen, Wolf | 2009
- Reference Bohus, M., Limberger, M. F., Frank, U., Chapman, A. L., Kühler, T., & Stieglitz, R.-D. (2007). Psychometric properties of the Borderline Symptom List (BSL). Psychopathology, 40(2), 126–132. https://doi.org/10.1159/000098493
Case Conceptualization / Case Formulation
- DBT Case Formulation Format | Comtois
- Self-validation skills for use in DBT group skills training | Fruzetti | 2013
| Christina B. Carter
- DBT Part 1
- DBT Part 2: Behavioral skills
- DBT Part 3: Core Mindfulness
- DBT skills quick reference sheet
- States of mind handout
- 6 levels of validation handout & worksheets | Rachel Gill | 2013
- Reality acceptance skills overview
- DBT multi-purpose pros & cons worksheet
- DBT skills training pros & cons worksheet
- Guided mindfulness script for practicing mindfulness to emotion
- Distress tolerance worksheet
- Emotion myths worksheet
- Check the facts handout & worksheet
- Opposite action handout & worksheet
- Working with primary and secondary emotions worksheet and handout
- DBT target behavior chain analysis worksheet archive.org
- DBT behavior chain & solution analysis worksheet (fillable)
- DEAR MAN GIVE FAST handout & worksheet
- Nightmare protocol | Lineman
- The chain analysis in dialectical behavior therapy | Henry Schmidt III | 2012
- Modified DBT group therapy manual for working with adolsecents experiencing substance misuse | Mission Australia
- Turning Point: Dialectical Behavior Therapy Program (DBT) – Youth & Coaches Workbook
- Dialectical Behaviour Therapy: Skills Handbook | Fulton State Hospital | 2004
- Distress Tolerance
- Emotion Regulation
- Interpersonal Effectiveness
- Linehan, M. M., & Wilks, C. R. (2015). The course and evolution of dialectical behavior therapy.American journal of psychotherapy,69(2), 97-110.
- Palmer, R. L. (2002). Dialectical behaviour therapy for borderline personality disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 8, 10-16
- Valentine, S. E., Bankoff, S. M., Poulin, R. M., Reidler, E. B., & Pantalone, D. W. (2015). The use of dialectical behavior therapy skills training as stand‐alone treatment: A systematic review of the treatment outcome literature.Journal of Clinical Psychology,71(1), 1-20.
What Is Dialectical Behavior Therapy?
The Purpose of DBT
Linehan (2015a, 2015b) describes the purpose or functions of DBT as:
- to enhance an individual’s capability by increasing skillful behavior;
- to improve and maintain the client’s motivation to change and to engage with treatment;
- to ensure that generalization of change occurs through treatment;
- to enhance a therapist’s motivation to deliver effective treatment;
- to assist the individual in restructuring or changing her environment in ways that support and maintain progress and movement toward goals.
DBT Skills Training
DBT teaches a balance of ‘acceptance skills’ and ‘change skills.’ These include:
- Mindfulness skills (acceptance) including core mindfulness skills (nonjudgmental observation) and more complex mindfulness practice (wise mind, loving kindness, balancing ‘doing’ and ‘being’).
- Distress tolerance skills (acceptance) including crisis survival skills, reality acceptance skills, and distress tolerance skills related to addiction.
- Emotion regulation skills (change) including recognizing emotions, changing emotional responses (including cognitive restructuring), and reducing vulnerability to the emotional mind.
- Interpersonal effectiveness skills (change) including objectives, relationship, and self-respect effectiveness skills.
Treatment Strategies in DBT
Treatment strategies in DBT include:
- Dialectical strategies in which attention is paid toward balancing acceptance and change. Techniques include the use of metaphor and paradox, cognitive challenging, and restructuring.
- Core strategies include problem solving and validation. Problem solving involves analysis and acceptance of a problem followed by an attempt to generate, evaluate, and implement adaptive solutions. Chain analysis is frequently used to analyze problem behaviors in the context of chains of actions, emotions, physiological responses, and cognitions. Skillful (wise) responses are generated and practiced.
- Communication strategies are closely attended to in DBT. DBT therapists balance reciprocal communication that responds to the client’s agenda with an irreverent communication style intended to promote insight and change.
- Case management strategies are used in DBT to guide the therapist’s interactions, including regular supervision and consultation on the grounds that complex clients should not be treated/‘held’ by a sole clinician.
- Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive–behavioral therapy of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford Press.
- Linehan, M. M. (2015a). DBT skills training handouts and worksheets(2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
- Linehan, M. M. (2015b). DBT skills training manual(2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.