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Within the Buddhist tradition, mindfulness is a part of the path toward understanding the nature of suffering and how to free ourselves from it. It helps us to become aware of and work with the vulnerabilities, challenges, and suffering that are part of being human (Gunaratana, 2002). Mindfulness has been defined as the awareness that emerges when we pay attention to experience on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally (Kabat-Zinn, 1994). Read more
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Therapy tool


Developing Psychological Flexibility

Developing Psychological Flexibility is a client information handout which can be used to familiarize clients with the ACT model. ...

Information Handout

Mindful Attention (Audio)

Mindful Attention is a technique for becoming aware of one’s thoughts and experiences, and being able to observe these as transient mental events. ...


What Is Mindfulness?

Mindfulness meditation is a traditional Buddhist practice. It is now commonly taught as a practice helpful in the management of a variety of mental he ...

Information Handout



Treatment guides

Exercises, Worksheets, and Workbooks

Self-Help Programmes

Mindful awareness stabilization training


There are many packages of mindfulness recordings that can be bought, John Kabat Zinn in particular has produced a number that are suitable for recommending to clients.

Mark Williams and Danny Penman have some free mindfulness recordings which accompany their book:

Free Buddhist Audio is a website set up by the Triratna Buddhist Order. They make recordings of meditations, and Buddhist teachings available for free. Of particular interest to therapists might be:


Recommended Reading

What Is Mindfulness?

Crane (2017) describes three broad elements of mindfulness teaching and how, in a Buddhist context, they are taught as an integrated system that offers the potential to develop insight and new perspectives, and to foster personal transformation:

  • the development of mindful awareness by a combination of systematic and informal practice;
  • an attitudinal framework characterized by kindness, curiosity, and a willingness to be present with the unfolding of experience;
  • a deep understanding of the nature of suffering.

The practice of mindfulness has been taken from its original Buddhist context and used as a technique within a number of psychotherapy frameworks including mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), and compassion-focused therapy (CFT).


  • Crane, R. (2017). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. CBT Distinctive Features Series. New York: Routledge.
  • Gunaratana, H. (2002). Mindfulness in Plain English (Revised and Expanded ed.). Boston: Widom.
  • Kabat-Zinn, J. (1994). Wherever you go, there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. New York: Hyperion