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Psychologists think of procrastination as a delay in beginning or completing an intended course of action. It is the voluntary delay of an intended course of action despite expecting to be worse-off for the delay.

Psychology Tools Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Worksheets For Procrastination

  • Irrational Procrastination Scale | Steel | 2010
    • Scale download archived copy
    • Website link archived copy
    • Steel, P. (2010). Arousal, avoidant and decisional procrastinators: Do they exist?. Personality and Individual Differences48(8), 926-934.
  • Procrastination Assessment Scale for Students (PASS) | Solomon, Rothblum | 1984


Overcoming procrastination

  • Understanding procrastination part 1 download
  • Understanding procrastination part 2 download
  • Changing procrastination download
  • Dismissing procrastination excuses download
  • Practical techniques to stop procrastination download
  • Adjusting unhelpful rules and assumptions and tolerating discomfort download
  • Putting it all together, doing it, and keeping going download
  • Fernie, B. A., Bharucha, Z., Nikčević, A. V., Marino, C., & Spada, M. M. (2017). A Metacognitive model of procrastination. Journal of Affective Disorders210, 196-203. download archived copy
  • Rozental, A., & Carlbring, P. (2014). Understanding and treating procrastination: a review of a common self-regulatory failure. Psychology5(13), 1488. download archived copy
  • Toker, B., & Avci, R. (2015). Effect of Cognitive-Behavioral-Theory-Based Skill Training on Academic Procrastination Behaviors of University Students. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice15(5), 1157-1168. download archived copy

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